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  Introduction

 

ARDEBIL province is located in the north west of the country, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan to the north, the province of East Azarbaijan to the west, Zanjan to the south and Gilan to the east. Its centre is the city of Ardabil. The province was established in 1993 from the eastern part of East Azarbaijan and the northern part of Gilan. The north east of the province is inhabited by the Talysh people.
Ardebil province central coordination locates in 38.2514°N 48.2973°E.
The province is divided into 9 counties including Ardabil, Bilasavar, Germi, Khalkhal, Kowsar (Kivi), Meshginshahr, Namin, Nir ,Sar'eyn and Parsabad.
Ardabil is a historical city in north-western Iran. The name Ardabil probably comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" which means a holy place. Its population is estimated to be around 350,000, the dominant majority of who are ethnic Azerbaijanis. Notable for its silk and carpet trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian Rug creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site, the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safi ad-Din, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.
Ardabil is located about 70 km from the Caspian Sea, 210 km from the city of Tabriz. It has an average altitude of 1263 m and total area of 17880 km².
Neighboring on the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, this city is of great political and economical significance.
The province of Ardabil has been blessed with splendid natural beauty and numerous sights.
It is located on an open plain 1,500 m above sea level, just east of Mount Sabalan (4,811 m), where cold spells occur until late spring.

1.2. Geography and Climate

Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C) during the hot summer months. The winters are bitter cold, with a temperature plummeting to -25 °C.
Its famous natural region is the Sabalan Mountains. The province is considered the coldest province in Iran by many. Large parts of the province are green and forested.
Ardabil's capital stands about 70 km from the Caspian Sea and has an area of 18011 km².
Cold and semi-arid, many tourists come to the region for its cool climate during the hot summer months maximum temperatures reaching to 35 °C. The winters are long and bitter cold, with a temperature plummeting to -25 °C. The annual rainfall is around 380 mm.
Many hot springs and beautiful natural landscapes are in Ardabil and around which attract tourists. The mineral springs of Ardabil (Beele-Darreh, Sar'eyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo) are notable throughout Iran for their medicinal qualities.
Many beauty lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shorabil, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Aloocheh that are the habitats of some species of water birds. The beautiful Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km² and has an average depth of 3 meters. It is fed by springs in the lake bed.
Major geographical attractions in the Ardabil province include:

  • Lake Shorabil : Located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m². The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, being useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex of Shorabil.
  • Baliqly Chay River: Meaning "a river with many fish" in Azarbayjani language, this river originates from the Sabalan Mountains and passes through Ardabil city. As a result, many villages and townships have settled around this river. It also irrigates much of the agricultural lands in this province.
  • Sabalan (Savalan) mountain: Sabalan is an inactive strato volcano in Meshkinshahr Ardabil province of northwestern Iran about 20 miles west of Arbadil. Sabalan is the third highest mountain in Iran and a permanent crater lake has formed at the summit. Sabalan has a ski resort (Alvares) and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa. The mountain is known for its beautiful vistas, including the Shirvan gorge, where few climbers ever venture.

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