ARDEBIL province is located in the north west of the country,
bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan to the north, the province of East
Azarbaijan to the west, Zanjan to the south and Gilan to the east. Its
centre is the city of Ardabil. The province was established in 1993 from
the eastern part of East Azarbaijan and the northern part of Gilan. The
north east of the province is inhabited by the Talysh people.
Ardebil province central coordination locates in 38.2514°N 48.2973°E.
The province is divided into 9 counties including Ardabil,
Bilasavar, Germi, Khalkhal, Kowsar (Kivi), Meshginshahr, Namin, Nir
,Sar'eyn and Parsabad.
Ardabil is a historical city in north-western Iran. The name Ardabil
probably comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" which means a
holy place. Its population is estimated to be around 350,000, the
dominant majority of who are ethnic Azerbaijanis. Notable for its silk
and carpet trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered
some of the best of the classical Persian Rug creations. Ardabil is also
known as the seat of a World Heritage Site, the sanctuary and tomb of
Shaikh Safi ad-Din, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.
Ardabil is located about 70 km from the Caspian Sea, 210 km from the
city of Tabriz. It has an average altitude of 1263 m and total area of
Neighboring on the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, this city is of great political and economical significance.
The province of Ardabil has been blessed with splendid natural beauty and numerous sights.
It is located on an open plain 1,500 m above sea level, just east of
Mount Sabalan (4,811 m), where cold spells occur until late spring.
Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C)
during the hot summer months. The winters are bitter cold, with a
temperature plummeting to -25 °C.
Its famous natural region is the Sabalan Mountains. The province is
considered the coldest province in Iran by many. Large parts of the
province are green and forested.
Ardabil's capital stands about 70 km from the Caspian Sea and has an area of 18011 km².
Cold and semi-arid, many tourists come to the region for its cool
climate during the hot summer months maximum temperatures reaching to 35
°C. The winters are long and bitter cold, with a temperature plummeting
to -25 °C. The annual rainfall is around 380 mm.
Many hot springs and beautiful natural landscapes are in Ardabil and
around which attract tourists. The mineral springs of Ardabil
(Beele-Darreh, Sar'eyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo) are notable throughout
Iran for their medicinal qualities.
Many beauty lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shorabil,
ShoorGel, NouShahr and Aloocheh that are the habitats of some species of
water birds. The beautiful Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area
48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km²
and has an average depth of 3 meters. It is fed by springs in the lake
Major geographical attractions in the Ardabil province include:
- Lake Shorabil : Located in a hilly area south of the city
of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m². The surface of the lake is
covered with a thin white layer of minerals, being useful for healing
skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex
- Baliqly Chay River: Meaning "a river with many fish" in
Azarbayjani language, this river originates from the Sabalan Mountains
and passes through Ardabil city. As a result, many villages and
townships have settled around this river. It also irrigates much of the
agricultural lands in this province.
- Sabalan (Savalan) mountain: Sabalan is an inactive strato
volcano in Meshkinshahr Ardabil province of northwestern Iran about 20
miles west of Arbadil. Sabalan is the third highest mountain in Iran and
a permanent crater lake has formed at the summit. Sabalan has a ski
resort (Alvares) and different tourist areas such as the Sarein spa. The
mountain is known for its beautiful vistas, including the Shirvan
gorge, where few climbers ever venture.